Internal Combustion Forklift Power Handling

Forklifts powered by internal combustion engines run on a variety of fuels, including gasoline, diesel fuel, liquid petroleum gas (LPG), and compressed natural gas. Forklifts with internal combustion engines can be quickly refueled but require regular maintenance checks for leaks of fuel or oil and worn parts to keep systems working properly. Forklifts powered by internal combustion engines are also used indoors, although this may increase exposure to exhaust and noise.

The most widely used forklifts have an internal combustion engine powered by fuels that include gas, liquid petroleum, diesel fuel, and compressed natural gas. Forklifts with internal combustion engines can be quickly refueled but require regular maintenance checks for leaks of fuel or oil, worn parts requiring replacement, and to keep systems working properly. Newer forklifts with internal combustion engines have on-board sensors that monitor and adjust emissions and have catalytic converters that help reduce emissions.

Potential Hazards:

  • Exposure to engine exhaust containing carbon monoxide. If the engine is not properly combusting fuel, the exhaust may contain high levels of carbon monoxide.
  • Exposure to spills and leaks of fuel and oil.

Requirements and Recommended Practices:

  • Do not operate in a poorly ventilated area where fumes can concentrate.
  • Carefully wash away or completely evaporate spillage of oil or fuel.
  • As part of the pre-operation inspection, check all fluid levels, including oil, water, and hydraulic.
  • Check for leaks from the hydraulic cylinder, the battery, and the fuel system.
  • Check the exhaust color for incomplete combustion. For example, black smoke may be an indication of incomplete combustion.
  • Check and report unusual noises or excessive vibration.

Refueling Safely

Gasoline and Diesel Forklifts

LPG Forklifts